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Italian Present Perfect Tense (Passato Prossimo)

The present perfect tense is used in the following situations:

  • an action which took place a short time ago.
  • an action which took place some time ago and the results of the action can still be felt in the present
  • an experience in your life
  • an action which has finished but the time period (e.g. this year , this week, today) hasn't finished yet

The present perfect is formed in the following way:

il presente indicativo dei verbi
e
ssere o avere

Auxiliary to have/ to be in the present form

+

il participio passato del verbo in questione

Past participle

Examples:

Dopo pranzo Marco ha letto il giornale.
(the action took place a short time ago)

Quest'anno siamo andati in vacanza a Barcellona.
(this year is still continuing)

Hai studiato all'estero?
(an experience in your life)

Sono stata a Parigi due anni fa.
(an experience in your life)

Oggi, Luigi e Simona hanno fatto la spesa.
(today hasn't finished yet)

Sono uscita da scuola mezz'ora fa.
(the action took place a short time ago)

Sono sposato da 14 anni.
(they are still married so the results of the action are still felt in the present)

N.B Most verbs use the verb avere (to have) as the auxiliary verb, but for verbs of movement essere (to be) is used.

The present perfect tense of the verbs mangiare, credere and partire:

Mangiare (to eat)

Credere (to believe)

 Io ho

 Tu hai

 Lui/Lei ha

 Noi abbiamo

 Voi avete

 Loro hanno

mangiato

 Io ho

 Tu hai

 Lui/Lei ha

 Noi abbiamo

 Voi avete

 Loro hanno

creduto

When the present perfect tense is formed with the verb essere, the past participle must agree with the subject:

Partire (to leave)

 Io sono

 Tu sei

 Lui/Lei è

partito/a

 Noi siamo

 Voi siete

 Loro sono

partiti/e

The present perfect tense of the verbs essere and avere:

Essere (to be)

Avere (to have)

 Io sono

 Tu sei

 Lui/Lei è

stato/a

 Io ho

 Tu hai

 Lui/Lei ha

 Noi abbiamo

 Voi avete

 Loro hanno

avuto

 Noi siamo

 Voi siete

 Loro sono

stati/e

 

See also:

Italian Course: Unit 8 The past participle and the perfect tense

Italian dictations: Il viaggio di Paolo Present Perfect Tense

Italian Present Perfect of Verb "Stare" Exercise Exercise to test your knowledge of the present perfect tense of the verb "stare".


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