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Italian video course - Lesson 1

In this first Italian lesson, Veronica explains how to introduce yourself, say where you are from and what you do.

Let's start with how to introduce yourself, by saying your name. In Italian, to say what your name is, we use the following formula:

Io sono (I am) + your name eg. Io sono Veronica (l'm Veronica)

To say where we are from, we say:


Io sono (I am) +

nationality
adjective of your region
city

es.
Io sono italiana/italiano (l'm Italian)
Io sono sarda/o (I'm Sardinian)
Io sono di Cagliari (I'm from Cagliari)

To talk about your profession, we say:

Io sono (I'm) + profession eg. insegnante (teacher), attore (actor), attrice (actress)

In all these three ways of presenting yourself you can see that we use SUBJECT PRONOUNS. We can divide the subject pronouns into singular and plural:

SINGULAR SUBJECT PRONOUN

PLURAL SUBJECT PRONOUN

IO ( I)
TU (you)
LUI (he) / LEI (she)

NOI (we)
VOI (you)
LORO (they)

The verb we use to present ourselves is the verb to be. Below we can see the conjugations of the verb in the present indicative tense:

Io sono
Tu sei
Lui/Lei è
Noi siamo
Voi siete
Loro sono

As regards adjectives, in Italian we use the ending -o for masculine singular nouns and the ending -a for feminine singular nouns, the ending -i for masculine plural nouns or when there is a masculine and a feminine noun together, and the ending -e for feminine plural nouns.

Examples:
Lui è italiano (masculine singular) - He is Italian
Lei è italiana (feminine singular) - She's Italian
Noi siamo italiani (masculine plural, referring to, as we saw, Veronica, the actor Roberto and the actress Monica)
Noi siamo italiane (feminine plural) We are Italian
Loro sono italiani (masculine plural) They are Italian

Finally, the preposition we use to say which city you are from is “di”.

Examples:
Io sono di Cagliari - I am from Cagliari
Lei è di Perugia - She is from Perugia
Lui è di Arezzo - He is from Arezzo

See also:

Formal and informal introductions in Italian

The verb essere All the conjugations of the Italian verb essere

Masculine, feminine, singular and plural adjectives and nouns

 

Italian version:

 

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