Articles are divided into definite and indefinite.
The definite articles are:
il, lo, la; with nouns in the singular
i, gli, le; with nouns in the plural
and indicate people, animals and specific things.
Ho comprato il quaderno nuovo.
Ho comprato i quaderni nuovi.
The indefinite articles are:
un, uno, una
and indicate people, animals and not well-defined things.
These articles have only the singular form and not the plural one; therefore when faced with plural nouns we must use partitive articles, which are:
del, dello, della, dei, degli, delle
which have the same meaning as alcuni, alcune, un po’ di.
Ho comprato un quaderno nuovo.
Ho comprato dei quaderni nuovi.
The articles la and una become l’ and un’ in front of feminine singular nouns that begin with a vowel. For example:
the same applies to lo, which becomes l’ in front of masculine singular nouns that begin with a vowel. While it does not undergo the same change as uno, which in the same situation loses the final –o but does not take any apostrophe in its place. For example:
l’albergo, un amico
Test yourself with this exercise on definite and indefinite articles.
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