Italian Verb Forms

Italian verbs have seven main forms:

They are divided into 3 groups, depending on their ending:

-are Mangiare (to eat)
-ere Credere (to believe)
-ire Offrire (to offer)

Verbs can be used in the active, passive and reflexive forms.

When the subject of the sentence is performing the action we use the active form:

Luca lancia la palla.
(Luca throws the ball.)

When the subject of the sentence has something done to it and does not do it itself, we use the passive form:

La palla è lanciata da Luca.
(The ball is thrown by Luca.)

When the subject does the action to itself, we use the reflexive form:

Io mi lavo la faccia.
(I wash my face.)